Lucknow’s contribution to culture and literature (Updated)

I guess this list is self-explanatory. I must admit the list is partial, insofar as it bears the name of those who adopted the takhallus ‘Lakhnavi’ or one otherwise well know for flourishing in the city of the Nawabs. I have included two who used their name of the qasbahs adjoining Lucknow – Mohaan and Malihabad – that is Hasrat and Josh. Were I too include all those from neighbouring qasbahs and districts of Awadh like Hardoi, Unnao, Sitapur and Bara Banki to say the least, the list would be thrice in size. However, I will not forget them – they include luminaries like Khumar Barabankvi and Majrooh Sultanpuri – and will give the rest a post to themselves.

Some of the names below are in bold type, signifying their significant contribution. Some of these such as Munshi Nawal Kishore and Munshi Sajjad Hussain were real pioneers in their fields – publishing and journalism – but their role has largely been forgotten outside the Urdu academic world.

The list is quite illustrative… read it and see.

Abad Lakhnavi
Bishan Narain Dar Abr Lakhnavi
Aftab Lakhnavi
Ahsan Lakhnavi
Fida Ali Aish Lakhnavi
Wajid Ali Shah Akhtar
Agha Hasan Amanat  Lakhnavi
Amir Mina’i

Mir Babar Ali Anis
Arzu Lakhnavi
Jafar Ali Khan Asr Lakhnavi
Jai Narain Varma Asr Lakhnavi
Khwaja Haidar Ali Atish
Aziz Lakhnavi
Behzad Lakhnavi

Vilayat Ali Bambuq
Jwala Parshad Barq
Brij Narain Chakbast
Chhunnu Lal Dilgir Lakhnavi
Baqar Ali Chirkin
Salamat Ali Dabir
Munshi Daya Narain Nigam
Faqir Muhammad Khan Goya
Shankar Dayal Farhat Lakhnavi
Fasahat Lakhnavi
Raja Jia Lal Gulshan Lakhnavi
Hamid Siddiqi Lakhnavi
Hasrat Mohani
Bishambhar Nath Hijr
Tribhuvan Nath Hijr
Bansi Dhar Himmat Lakhnavi
Hizabr Lakhnavi
Hizar Lakhnavi
Insha’ullah Khan Insha

Jadid Lakhnavi
Munshi Javahir Singh Jauhar Lakhnavi
Shabbir Hasan Khan Josh Malihabadi
Shaikh Qalandar Bakhsh Jur’at
Hakim Mahdi Kamal Lakhnavi
Kashfi Lakhnavi
Khanjar Lakhnavi
Jagannath Sahai Khushtar Lakhnavi
Latafat Lakhnavi
Machhu Beg Sitamzarif  Lakhnavi
Machis Lakhnavi
Kazim Husain Mahshar Lakhnavi
Mahvi Siddiqi Lakhnavi
Ilahi Bakhsh Maruf
Me’raj Lakhnavi
Mirza Hairat
Muhazzab Lakhnavi
Bisheshar Prasad Munavvar Lakhnavi
Murad Lakhnavi
Kunwar Sen Muzaffar Lakhnavi
Daya Shankar Nasim
Sa’id Ahmad Natiq Lakhnavi
Munshi Naval Kishore
Navazish Lakhnavi
Chandi Sahai Nihal Laknavi
Krishna Bihari Nur Lakhnavi
Partau Lakhnavi
Sa’dat Yar Khan Rangin
Ram Sahai Raunaq 
Sukh Dayal Saksena Resh
Al-e Riza Riza Lakhnavi
Mirza Muhammad Hadi Rusva
Sabit Lakhnavi
Gopal Sahai Sabur Lakhnavi
Safi Lakhnavi
Sahba Lakhnavi
Sahir Lakhnavi
Munshi Sajjad Hussain
Syed Sajid Ali Sajni Lakhnavi
Saqib Lakhnavi
Ratan Nath Sarshar
Sha’ir Lakhnavi
Muhammad Jan Shad Lakhnavi  
Lalta Parshad Shafaq
Shamshad Lakhnavi
Abdul Halim Sharar
Navab Mirza Shauq
Siraj Lakhnavi
Dvarka Parshad Ufuq Lakhnavi
Vahid Lakhnavi
Valih Lakhnavi
Zakir Husain Yas Lakhnavi
Mendu Lal Zar Lakhnavi
Zarif Lakhnavi

I just realised later  that apart from one, I had left a group of excellent storytellers responsible for fabricating one of the most beloved and popular sagas of the age, of any age- the Tilism-e-Hoshruba – itself. Sadly, it is now out of print in its entriety and one of my life’s biggest regrets is not picking up the series the last time it was available. But then I was an impecunious student and some years later, when I had the funds and the chance, it was no longer to be had.

Anyway, we must all thank Musharraf Ali Farooqui, who has toiled diligently to present the epic to a larger audience by translating it into English. For those  who would seek to know more about it, I enclose a link.

http://www.urdustudies.com/pdf/09/20SURclassics.pdf

I will just confine myself here to enlist this tribe of story-tellers.

Syed Muhammad Husain Jah
Ahmed Husain Qamar
Mir Ahmed Ali
Amba Prasad Rasa
Hakim Asghar Ali Khan

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2 responses to this post.

  1. Posted by zia zaidi on February 2, 2011 at 10:08

    ITS A VERY GOOD IDEA TO COLLECT ALL THE GOOD LUCKNOWI.I WENT LAST YEAR 2 LUCKNOW AND FOUND THE BIG CHANGE.LUCKNOW IS NOT THE SAME PLACE AS IT USED 2 B.

    Reply

  2. Posted by zia zaidi on February 2, 2011 at 10:11

    MAHKA HUA THAA HUM SAY GOLUSTANEY LUCKNOW,
    HAY JAN HAMAREE LUCKNOW HUM JANEY LUCKNOW.

    Reply

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