Avadh’s contribution to literature (with the related Lucknow post)

This is a list of some of some more literary luminaries that flourished in the territory of the erstwhile Awadh, or more specifically the present Bahraich, Balrampur, Barabanki, Faizabad, Gonda, Hardoi, Lakhimpur Kheri, Lucknow, Pratapgarh, Raebareli, Shravasti, Sitapur, Sultanpur, and Unnao districts of Uttar Pradesh.

It may be noted that some places occur with surprising regularity, such as Bilgram town which falls in Hardoi district and Mohan qasba in the Unnao district, close to Lucknow – which is the home of Syed Fazl ul Hasan ‘Hasrat Mohani’ , whom I have taken the liberty of adding in the Lucknow list, not to mention Kakori and Malihabad  – the latter ever immortalised in the name of Shabbir Hasan Khan ‘Josh’.

 The list. As usual, some were more famous are in bold type. A brief word about a few them. Abdul Majid Daryabadi, who has to his credit an exemplary commentary on the Quran, has also written an excellent autobiography, which is not as well known as it should be.

Ahmaq Phapundavi was a noted humourist, Asghar Gondvi, Khumar Barabankvi, Riaz Khairabadi and Vamiq Jaunpuri are famous in the realm of ghazals and Salam (who was Majaz’s friend and the butt of many jokes from him) was well-known for his nazms.  Sharib Rudaulvi was also Majaz’s friend and has written an excellent monograph on him. i do not presume to say anything about Majruh, while Dr Safdar was also a noted lyricist in the early days of cinema, and wrote the unforgettable “Dil Jalta Hain” in ‘Pehli Nazar’, which was playback singer Mukesh’s first big hit and propelled him in his career.

Abdul Jalil Bilgrami
Abdul Majid Daryabadi
Abdur Razzaq Malihabadi
Afqar Mohani
Syed Ali Riza Agah Bilgrami
Mustafa Khan Ahmaq Phaphundavi
Amin Salonvi
Amir Ali Mohani
Mul Chand Asar Khairabadi            
Ash’ar Malihabadi
Asghar Hussain Asghar Gondvi
Ashraf Kasmandvi
Auhaduddin Bilgrami
Azad Bilgrami
Aziz Salonvi
Shyam Sundar Das Barq Sitapuri
Bekhud Mohani
Dil Shahjahanpuri
Maulana Fazl-e Haq Khairabadi
Furqat Kakorvi
Hadi Macchlishahri
Hafiz Jaunpuri
Major Syed Hasan Bilgrami
Anvari Jahan Hijab Shahjahanpuri
Hosh Bilgrami
Iffat Mohani
Imadul Mulk Syed Husain Bilgrami
Jarrar Faizabadi
Iftikhar Ahmad Jigar Bisvani
Khumar Barabankvi
Asrar Hasan Khan Majruh Sultanpuri
Chaudhri Muhammad Ali Rudaulvi
Muhsin Kakorvi
Shaikh Mumtaz Husain Jaunpuri
Muzaffar Shahjahanpuri
Nadim Sitapuri
Nadir Kakorvi
Abdul Vahid Nairang Kakorvi
Nakhat Shahjahanpuri
Nasim Inhaunavi
Nurul Hasan Nayyar Kakorvi
Nazir Kakorvi
Nazish Partapgarhi
Qadr Bilgrami
Riaz Khairabadi
Sa’di Kakorvi
Dr Safdar Hussain Aah Sitapuri
Safir Bilgrami
Salam Machlishahri
Sarosh Machlishahtri
Parbhan Shankar Sarosh Unnavi
Shadan Bilgrami
Shahir Machhlishahri
Sharib Rudaulvi
Shauq Bahraichi
Shauq Sandilvi
Shuja’at Ali Sandilvi
Seemab Akbarabadi
Surur Barabankavi
Durga Sahai Surur Jahanabadi
Syed Ali Bilgrami
Umid Amethvi
Vajahat Ali Sandilvi
Vamiq Jaunpuri
Vaqif Rai Barelvi
Vasim Khairabadi
Vasl Bilgrami

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