The rulers of Awadh/Awadh ke Nawab II

I was telling you about the Nawabs of Awadh and had mentioned the dynasty’s founder and his equally illustrious successor. Here I think I will change the format a little. Rather than speaking about each nawab, I will first give you the entire list and then start elaborating on each of them.

As I told you the founder was Mir Mohammad Amin Musawi Saadat Khan Burhan-ul-Mulk as Nawab Subdedar (1722-1739…check the exact dates yourself in the last), succeeded by his nephew and son-in-law Abu´l Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan Safdar Jang, who was Nawab Subedar, then Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik and then Nawab Subedar again till he died.

Safdar Jang was succeeded by his son, Jalal ad-din Shuja-ud-Daulah Haidar, Nawab Subedar from October 5, 1754 to February 15, 1762 and then proving himself to be a worthy chip of the old block by ruling as Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik (as I told you, the chief wazir to the Mughal emperor, or the Prime Minister of India if you prefer) till January 26, 1775.

He was succeeded by his son, Mirza Amani Asaf-ud-Daulah, who ruled from January 26, 1775 – September 21, 1797. Asaf-ud-Daulah, arguably the most famous but we will come to that later, was succeeded by his ‘son’ Mirza Wazir Ali Khan, who ruled a mere four months (Sept 21, 1777 to January 12, 1798) and did not even have his coronation, before he was deposed by the British (by then a major power in the state), who questioned his paternity as well as his ability, and exiled him. Wazir Ali is not considered part of the dynasty and therefore his portrait is not found in the Picture Gallery.

So according to rights, Asaf-ud-Daulah’s successor was his half-brother,
Yamin ud-Daulah Nazim al-Mulk Saadat Ali Khan II Bahadur  (Jan 21, 1798 to July11, 1814).

The second Saadat Khan (or Saadat Ali Khan, to be exact) was succeeded by his son, Ghazi ud-din Rafaat ud-dowla Abu’l-Muzaffar Haider KhanGhazi-ud-din Haider as he is better known ruled as Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik, from  July 11, 1814 to Oct 19, 1818, when the court cuts its ties to the (by then) enfeebled Mughal court and became a kingdom in its own right.

From Oct 19, 1818 to Oct 19, 1827, Ghazi-ud-din Haider ruled as Padshah-e Awadh, Shah-e Zaman.

As this point, I observe that we are well over half-way through the dynasty, but I do not want to burden you so I will stop in 1827 for today.

We will take up the remaining four rulers in the last three decades – till 1856 -of the dynasty tomorrow …. Insh’allah.

To continue…


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